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By Ricardo Natalichio
All the people who live in the world today are being affected, in one way or another, either directly or indirectly, by this predatory system, based on obtaining economic benefits, on the hoarding of goods to deprive others of their utilization (private property) and in selfish individualism, which has been imposed on a global scale.
A small (decreasing) percentage, no more than 15 or 20% of the world's population, benefit and enjoy a quality of life that is as comfortable as it is unsustainable.
A second group tries to cope with life in the best possible way, within what the system allows. Try to get a job development in something that you like, try not to waste too many hours of the day in transport, longs for a home with certain characteristics, tries to send your children to a good school, enjoy brief moments of leisure, etc. Etc. All things that, for the most part, it cannot satisfy. At least according to your expectations.
And then there are those who directly lack any possibility of deciding about their lives, probably poorly fed from children with all the problems that this causes, suffering from diseases due to lack of access to drinking water, without access to education, and at the mercy of all kinds. of environmental disasters. This “small group” is made up of more than 2 billion people and is growing every day.
Given this panorama, at first glance and without delving into the causes, we could say that it is at least strange, that like meek sheep that 70 or 80% of the world population that comprise the second and third group that we mentioned, which is not " having a good time ”is so devoted and inert.
Immersing ourselves a bit in these causes, we begin to glimpse some psychological reasons for this quasi paralysis, which at the moment is only altered by some sporadic spasms, which the system quickly finds a way to counteract. And it is that a stage of "false security" has been created -similar to a pharmacological coma-, from which it is terrifying to get out.
It's scary to stop floating - slowly sinking really - in waters that seem calm, to start swimming in rough waters, because we might not reach the shore and drown on the way. Although it is increasingly clear that only by floating we will not get anywhere, but rather we have been sinking in a less perceptible way.
Fear, yes, fear is present because it is induced in a planned way in each and every person who watches television, who listens to the radio, who reads the newspapers. Even the alternative means of information themselves are often unintentionally functional. Fear paralyzes, it is what happens naturally and there are those who found a way to benefit from it.
But there are also alternatives, which definitely cannot be covered under this current economic model, but there must be a cut, a radical change. A rapid migration, programmed or not, towards a community of different systems that, adapted to the realities of each bio-region, have certain common characteristics, such as developing in harmony with nature and prioritizing the common good.
Alternatives like the ones we list below are just a few, which are valid as a sample, but to which many more could be added, as good or not, although it is not worth making detailed valuation judgments about them here.
Degrowth, that is, the need to get out of the current economic model and break with the logic of continuous growth, is progressively imposed as a solution to the ecological and social crisis facing humanity. This bioeconomy not only arises from transcending the limitations and errors of neoclassical economics, but also from the attempt to articulate economics with the rest of the natural and social sciences, incorporating the fundamental epistemological advances that have emerged within other disciplines.
It is a current that, in break with the productivist ideology of progress -in its capitalist and / or bureaucratic form- and opposed to the infinite expansion of an environment-destructive mode of production and consumption, represents in the ecological movement the more advanced trend, more sensitive to the interests of the workers and peoples of the south, which understood the impossibility of a "sustainable development" within the framework of the capitalist market economy.
Good living constitutes a paradigm of sustainable society based on the balanced and equitable coupling between economy and nature, in such a way that the “whole life” is guaranteed for the human species. And here there is a fundamental precision: in a relationship of reciprocity between human beings and nature, the human species, by guaranteeing itself its continuity, guarantees the survival of everything else, facilitating that trophic chains flow without damage and ecosystems maintain their balance and so they can fulfill their ecological mission of sustaining all forms of life; it is let's say a virtuous circle of living ecology.
It raises in a general way the need to promote a development oriented to the satisfaction of human needs, it is a theory that transcends the conventional economic, social, political, cultural positions, because it visualizes the human being as the primary and driving entity of its development , and this development must be articulated to the global plan of each nation.
The land, which from the Indian point of view, is common. It is on earth where we exist as common human beings, that is, as peoples, and in it we recreate our nature and life through family and collective work. In this context, a "human attitude towards the common", that is, communality, is made entirely explicit. And this is what gives meaning and explanation to a good part of the indigenous world, without a doubt seeking the complementarity between the singular and the plural, between the good and the bad, between the individual, whose dimension can only be understood within of a community, which makes him live and dream.
Local development / Fair Trade
The basic criteria of fair trade are the establishment of a direct relationship between producers and consumers; the cancellation as far as possible of intermediaries and speculators; the application of a fair and stable price that allows the producer and his family to live with dignity. This set of characteristics leads not only to setting a price that can meet the needs of producers, but also to creating the conditions for sustainable development. It can be defined as a tool for changing the economic model that aims to correct the failures of the current capitalist system, and as a mechanism for inserting the products of the South into the markets of the North in a situation of equity. In this context, fair trade could be considered as a tool for local development.
We must not continue to be paralyzed by fear and listening to those who say that alternatives do not exist, because there are.