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Transgenic. Inter-species gene transfer has devastating effects

Transgenic. Inter-species gene transfer has devastating effects

By Sylvia Ubal

Biotech companies falsely claim that their manipulations are similar to natural genetic changes. However, the cross-species gene transfer that is taking place (such as between pigs and plants, or fish and tomatoes) would never happen in nature and can allow disease and weaknesses to be transferred between species, with effects as disastrous as they have been. seen in BSE (mad cow disease).


Genetic engineering techniques were discovered in 1950 by James Watson and Francis Crick and this discovery resulted in the development of biotechnology and knowledge of the structure of the DNA molecule, where genetic information is stored, which is heredity, in all living things.

Based on this important achievement, the first genetic manipulation tests appear (1980 transgenic tobacco crops collected in 1992 - China, in 1996 23 cereal brands appeared in the United States, Canada and Japan), Genetic manipulation is carried out on any plant, animal or organism whose original genetic material is intentionally modified.

The development and commercialization of these new technologies are focused on large multinationals, which control 85% of the world cereal trade, and 10 agrochemical companies in the world, which control 91% of their market and are called COMPANIES OF LIFE; The seven giants are: 1) Syngenta (Novartis and AstraZeneca), 2) Monsanto / Pharmacia, 3) Aventis (acquired by Bayer in 2001, 4) DuPont, 5) Dow, 6) Bayer and 7) BASF (1, 2 and 3) whose particular scientific studies defend their interests, trying to show that transgenic foods, in addition to being excellent, will alleviate hunger in poor countries.

Unnatural transfers of genes from one species to another are dangerous.

Biotech companies falsely claim that their manipulations are similar to natural genetic changes. However, the cross-species gene transfer that is taking place (such as between pigs and plants, or fish and tomatoes) would never happen in nature and can allow disease and weaknesses to be transferred between species, with effects as disastrous as they have been. seen in BSE (mad cow disease).

Biotech companies claim that their methods are precise and sophisticated. In fact, there is a random element in their experimental method of gene insertion. Side effects and accidents are unavoidable and the risks have been scientifically evaluated as unlimited. Unlike chemical or nuclear contamination, genetic contamination cannot be collected; and the toxic effects of genetic mistakes will be passed on to all future generations of a species.

Genetically engineered foods are being introduced without labeling.

Biotech companies have decided not to use labels on the false claim that there is no material difference between genetically modified foods and their natural counterparts. In fact, the natural genetic intelligence of foods, accumulated over millions of years, is being altered. Governments support biotech companies and ignore consumers' rights to be informed. Without labeling, the causes of new diseases can be very difficult to trace. On the one hand, while all foods should be faithfully labeled, genetically engineered foods should be totally banned to protect life.

In 1995, the sowing of transgenic seed was used in two hundred thousand (200,000) hectares; six years later (2001) they use 52.6 million hectares and by (2009) they use 186.3 million hectares. The United States being the largest producer of genetically modified agricultural elements, with 68% of the global transgenic crop, Argentina, with 22%, Canada with 6% and China with 3% for a total of 99% only four countries and dominated by a single company "Monsanto". These are clear examples of unsustainable agriculture. In Argentina, the massive entry of transgenic soybeans exacerbated the crisis in agriculture with an alarming increase in the destruction of its primary forests, which led to the displacement of peasants and rural workers, increased use of herbicides, and a serious substitution of production of food for local consumption.

The foods that have been genetically modified are: corn, soybeans, grapes, salmon, rice, tomato, rapeseed. The most commercial seeds worldwide are: corn, soybeans, eucalyptus, cotton and rapeseed, developed and distributed by a single company "The multinational Monsanto". According to a FAO source, the transgenic foods that are currently available are: Corn, soybeans, cotton, Escherillia coolí K-12, carnations and within the selection of GMOs elaborated in 2009: Grapes, tilapia, poplars, salmon, eucalyptus, rice and sheep.


Global threat to humanity's food supply.

The giant transnational biotech companies control large segments of the world's food supply including food patents, seed companies, and other aspects of the food chain. They are introducing experimental genetically engineered products without verification in a dangerous global experiment. If the intentions of the industry are carried out, almost all the food that we bring to our table will be altered within a few years. This radical change in humanity's food supply will result in many irrevocable and unexpected problems such as serious food shortages and far-reaching health threats.

What is Monsanto?

Monsanto presents itself as a visionary company, a force in world history that works to bring cutting-edge science and an environmentally responsible attitude to solving humanity's most pressing problems. But what is Monsanto really? Where are you from? How did it become the world's second largest producer of agrochemicals and one of the main suppliers of seeds on the planet? Is Monsanto the "clean and green" company that its advertisements proclaim, or are they merely an image operation that hides the criminal nature of the company? A look at its history will give us some insightful clues, and can help us better understand the current practices of that company.

Monsanto Headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri, United States, Monsanto Chemical Company was founded in 1901 by John Francis Queeny, a self-taught chemist who brought the technology of manufacturing saccharin, the first artificial sweetener, from Germany to the United States. In the 1920s, Monsanto became one of the leading manufacturers of sulfuric acid and other chemical industry commodities, and from the 1940s to the present day, it is one of only four companies that have ever been among the top 10 chemical companies in the United States.

In the 1940s, Monsanto's business revolved around plastics and synthetic fibers. In 1947, a French freighter carrying ammonium nitrate (used as a fertilizer) exploded on a dock about 90 meters from Monsanto's plastics factory outside Galveston, Texas. More than 500 people died in what came to be considered one of the biggest disasters in the chemical industry. The plant produced styrene and polystyrene plastics, which are still used for food packaging and other consumer products. In the 1980s, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ranked polystyrene in fifth place in the ranking of chemicals whose production generates the highest total amounts of hazardous waste.

In 1929, the Swann Chemical Company, acquired shortly after by Monsanto, developed polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which were highly praised for their chemical stability and flammability. Its most frequent use was in the electrical equipment industry, which chose PCBs as fuel refrigerants for a new generation of transformers. During the 1960s, compounds from Monsanto's growing family of PCBs were also used as lubricants, hydraulic fluids, tool lubricating oils, waterproof coatings, and liquid sealants. Evidence for the toxic effects of PCBs dates back to the 1930s, when Swedish scientists studying the biological effects of DDT began to find significant concentrations of PCBs in the blood, hair, and fatty tissues of wild animals.

It is the world's largest agricultural biotechnology laboratory, which brought the first generation of transgenic crops to the market, becoming the world leader in promoting biotechnology in agriculture.

Their crops represent more than 90 percent of all the transgenic crops in the world. Crops resistant to its herbicide "glyphosate", such as "RR soybeans" (Roundup Ready) and "RR corn", only promote input-dependent industrial agriculture.

This company dedicated to agricultural exploitation where scientists isolate a gene from the bacteria that produces an insecticide known as "Bt" and transfer it to corn, cotton, and make the plant exude its own insecticide has a free way to start crops massive and has control of the entire production process; it takes so that the wheel of fortune does not stop, and constantly expand the sown areas, the rich land for business.

Monsanto deprives the peasants

Drastically, entire families of peasants became part of agribusiness but on the other side. Today the peasants, dispossessed and expelled from their lands, travel the unfortunate path of exodus towards the marginal and impoverished belts of the cities.

Those who stay to defend their farms, orchards and animals are surrounded and criminalized by the laws, the banks, the judges, the police, the long guns and the bulldozers.

Land tenure is a silent battle that is fought daily on peasant soils while local, provincial and national governments turn a "blind eye" while transnational corporations keep their lands.

Background

Monsanto poisoned Vietnam. He is responsible for the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction. The herbicide known as Agent Orange, which was used by the US military to defoliate Vietnam's rainforest ecosystems during the 1960s, was a mixture of 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D that came from various sources, but Monsanto's Agent Orange had dioxin concentrations many times higher than that produced by Dow Chemical, the other major producer of the defoliant. This made Monsanto the main defendant in the lawsuit brought by veterans of the Vietnam War, who experienced a set of symptoms of weakness attributable to exposure to Agent Orange. When a $ 180 million settlement was reached in 1984 between seven chemical companies and veterans' attorneys, the courts ordered Monsanto to pay 45.5 percent of the total. Of course, it did not occur to the courts of the United States that the society and the State of Vietnam were entitled to greater compensation.

Roundup is the world's best-selling resistant herbicide. Currently, glyphosate herbicides, such as Roundup, account for at least one sixth of Monsanto's total annual sales. It is marketed in other countries under different names, and it is highly toxic. Monsanto aggressively promotes Roundup presenting it as a safe and general use herbicide (not only for transgenic crops), anywhere, for example in southern Spain where farmers call it “Rondo”) in lawns, orchards, forests of conifers.

As Monsanto and US officials insist that it is safe to spray Roundup from airplanes, journalists and scientists are beginning to reveal some new facts.

The series of large fines and court decisions against Monsanto in the United States include liability in cases of death from leukemia, fines of 40 million dollars for the dumping of dangerous products into the environment, and many other episodes. In 1995, Monsanto was the fifth largest US company on the EPA's toxic waste inventory, with millions of kilograms of toxic chemicals discharged onto land, air, water, and underground.

Last December, the Dutch journalist, Marjon Van Royen, investigated the health reports on the ground in Colombia, and discovered that "because the chemical is sprayed in Colombia from airplanes over inhabited areas, there have been constant health conditions in human beings; swollen eyes, dizziness and respiratory problems have been the most frequently recorded. " Although Roundup is advertised as "safe" for mammals, including humans (but not for some insects or aquatic life) by the US State Department, there have been overly persistent reports of skin and other problems after fumigation incidents involving peasants and their animals, to be ignored. Digging deeper into his research, Van Royen discovered something alarming: Another additive called Cosmo-Flux 411F was being added to increase Roundup's toxicity. The mixture of Roundup and Cosmo-Flux 411F has never been scientifically evaluated, nor has the public, in the US or in Colombia, been informed about this practice of the biological action of the herbicide, producing relative levels of exposure that are 104 times higher. higher than the recommended dose for normal uses in agriculture.

This truthful analysis that we carry out of the implications is documented by reliable sources, they leave us with a terrifying vision of the capacity of transnational companies to affect the environment, the seas, the biosphere, the fauna and the human being inhabiting this same habitat.

I have thought many times if the owners of these large industries do not take into account, not only man, but their families and the future of humanity. The voracity of creating wealth and becoming billionaires without any moral ethics is so important that they put the world in danger of extinction by destroying wealth and even the atmosphere we breathe.

Sylvia Ubal - International Barometer
www.barometro_internacional.org


Video: Are GMOs Good or Bad? Genetic Engineering u0026 Our Food (September 2021).