The Russian-European Laika breed has its origins in Siberian hunting dogs, and in the geography of the wooded areas of Russia. Being its natural creation, there is no start date for the offspring. It is recognized by the International Cynological Federation. (F.C.I.). Two other varieties of Laikas are also recognized by the F.C.I .: the Laika from East Siberia and the Laika from West Siberia. However, there is another Laika not officially recognized by any cynological body: the Russian-Finnish Laika.
The freezing temperatures forced the breed to develop skills in hunting and shooting of merchandise and sledding. Primitively the breed was used to capture specimens of wolves and bears. Its powerful structure and the compass of its light short strides denote the constant hunting activity of the canine specimen.
The Karelian Bear Dog traces its origins to the primitive Nordic breeds that have inhabited the Arctic Circle for centuries. It acquires the name of Karelia, for the region of Finland in which it is still found in quantity today and where, for centuries, it has been used to hunt deer, elk and other animals such as the wolf.
It is not customary to live as a home life dog, that is, inside a home, it likes pure air and enjoys free environments independent of man.
The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is one of the oldest French hounds. For centuries it was constituted in the honor and pride of the French nobility. It is a trail dog, a direct descendant of the Saint Hubert dog. It is remembered numerously already in the packs of Enrique IV and it is said that it was taken to Gascony (region from which it takes its name) in Renaissance times. full Renaissance. His nose is extraordinary. In him French races of speed dogs have originated and he is credited with the extinction of the wolf, for whose hunting he was particularly used. Today it practically does not exist outside of French territory.
The Finnish Spitz historically was included by the International Cynological Federation among the trail breeds. The breed is of Nordic origin. It is raised especially in the eastern regions of Finland, it has a history linked to that People and it is an emblem. He is mentioned in the Kalevala national epic poem. It was used by hunters to track and catch white bears, elk, and wolves.
The Matamute of Alaska The origin (as in most of the Nordic races), is in the old boreal wolf and in the "Dog of the bogs". The first appearance of these excellent helpers of man dates back almost two millennia, taking their name from the polar tribes with whom they shared their habitat. It was therefore the "Mahlemutes" who gave the name to this breed, which developed especially in Alaska. Because of their strength, the Alaskan Malamutes frequently integrated polar expeditions (both in the northern and southern hemispheres), pulling sleds and covering enormous distances. It appears in novels by Jack London and short stories by Rudyard Kipling. It is the largest breed of any Nordic breed and has been accepted in the United States and Canada with great appreciation. Faithful and intelligent, docile and affectionate, he shares the common spirit of all sled breeds.
The Samoyed takes its name from the people (of Mongolian origin) called precisely the Samoyed, who live by the Arctic Sea near the White Sea. For centuries, this town has used it to pull sleds and to hunt the wolf, the fox and the walrus.
The Samoyed descends from the boreal wolf, which lived thousands of years ago and is similar in general appearance.