"The industry needs a lot of raw material", in activities such as transport and agriculture, among others, which "can give us an idea of the increase in carbon emissions today", Pachauri indicated during the conference "Understanding the Science in Climate Change ”offered in Lima.
"In Central and South America there is a variation in the increase in temperature in the last decade and the thawing of glaciers in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Bolivia," said the Indian expert. Pachauri stated that it is very likely that the "frequency and intensity of the hot seasons will increase, and that much of the rain will come in the form of heavy rain, with risks to life and property". "The loss of mass of the ice sheets will cause the level of the oceans to rise, and the temperature will change" towards the end of this century, in an approximate increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius, he explained. Pachauri explained in Lima the progress of the most recent IPCC report, which will be approved this month in Copenhagen (Denmark), and where, as he stated, it was demonstrated that "the human influence on global warming is evident".
Commitment to COP20
During his participation in an International Workshop for journalists in preparation for COP20, the Nobel Prize winner recalled that Peru is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world due to changes in harvests and fishing, melting glaciers, decreased rainfall, among others. . "This is already affecting the economy of the country," he declared before saying that one must "learn to adapt and mitigate the changes that are unfortunately already taking place and would continue to take place for many years due to the concentration of greenhouse gases."
“We have a great challenge with COP20. We need measures to monitor natural resources ", he pointed out.
Pachauri pointed out, however, that this is the first time that he has seen "so much commitment and prior participation to hold a COP." The negotiations of the United Nations Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP20) are carried out on the basis of the scientific studies of the IPCC, reported the Ministry of the Environment of Peru, organizer of the conference addressed to the press.
In 2007, the IPCC, under the chairmanship of Pachauri and together with Al Gore, received the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to promote and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and for laying the groundwork for measures. necessary to counteract this phenomenon.
EFE Green Agency